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  1. 1 point
    Birmingham with its thousands of small workshops practising a wide variety of specialised and highly skilled trades, encouraged exceptional levels of creativity and innovation and provided a diverse and resilient economic base for industrial prosperity. Its resulting high level of social mobility also fostered a culture of broad-based political radicalism, which under leaders from Thomas Attwood to Joseph Chamberlain was to give it a political influence unparalleled in Britain outside London, and a key role in the development of British democracy. It is perhaps unsurprising that the new planned language Esperanto attacted adepts here. 1903: Frederic William Hipsley, Fernleigh, Highbridge road, Wylde Green, Nr Birmingham Anglujo 1903: Francis Henry Potts, 4 Handsworth Wood Road, Birmingham Anglujo 1903: Adolf Schlichter, 300 Belgrave Road, Birmingham, Anglujo 1903: Thomas E. Woodward, 123 Hockley str., Birmingham Anglujo 1904: W. Arthur Williams, 6 Anderson Road, Erdington, Birmingham Anglujo 1904: Eric E. Westbury, 60 Bournbank road, Selly Oak, Birmingham Anglujo 1904: H. E. White, Teneriffe, Forest road, Moseley, Birmingham, Anglujo 1905: F-ino (=Miss) E. Mary Edwards. 3 Lloyd St., Small Heath, Birmingham Anglujo 1905: A. Palmer-Jones, 249 Aston Lane, Perry Barr, Birmingham, Anglujo 1905: W. H. Thos. Partridge, "Elsimre" Grove Lane, Handsworth BIRMINGHAM Anglujo 1906: Joseph H. Dixon, The Hermitage, Four Oaks , Birmingham Anglujo 1906: F-ino (=Miss) Mary G. Clarke, 17 Strensham Road Birmingham Anglujo 1906: G. Arncliffe Percival, 127 Westminster Road, Birchfield, Birmingham Anglujo 1906: W. C. Amery, 9 Temple Street, Birmingham, Anglujo 1906: William E. Turner, 261 Ickneild St, Hockley, Birmingham Anglujo 1906: F-ino (=Miss) Emily Cattell, 11 Wood St, Ladywood, Birmingham Anglujo 1906: J. J. Shield, 20 High Street, Birmingham, Anglujo 1906: W. T. Fennell, 42 Stockfield Rd, Tysley, Birmingham, Anglujo 1906: David Aughtie, 41 Ettington Rd, Birmingham, Anglujo 1906: P. Stanley Beaufort, The Studio, Easy Row, Birmingham, Anglujo 1906: Vivian Erwood Robson, 111 Park Road, Aston, Nr. Birmingham Anglujo 1906: Daniel J. O'Sullivan, Ivy Bank, 19 Brougham Street, Handsworth, Birmingham, Anglujo 1906: E. H. Moreton, 20 Murdock Road, Handsworth, Birmingham, Anglujo 1906: S. W. Keyte, "Fairfield" Eastern Road, Selly Park, Birmingham, Anglujo 1906: James G. Beauchamp, 270 Tiverton Rd, Selly Oak, Birmingham, Anglujo 1906: H. Grant, 5 Elvetham Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham Anglujo 1907: J. W. Ord, 131 Hubert Road Bournbrook (apud Birmingham), Anglujo 1907: N. M. Bloore, 150 Pershore Street, Kings Norton, Birmingham, Anglujo 1907: D. W. M. Hall, 270 Tiverton Road, Selly Oak, Birmingham, Anglujo 1907: Wilfrid Owen, Oscott College, Birmingham Anglujo 1907: J. O. Wall, Oscott College, Birmingham Anglujo 1907: W. H. Garbutt, 3 Weatheroak Road, Sparkhill, Birmingham Anglujo 1907: H. A. Brown, Mountfield, Chantry Rd, Moseley, Birmingham Anglujo 1907: Harry T. Hall, 208 Pershore Rd, Stirchley, Birmingham Anglujo 1907: E. B. Walker, Christchurch Vicarage, Summerfield. Birmingham Anglujo 1907: Howard Durnell, 52 Newton Road, Sparkhill, Birmingham Anglujo. 1907: T. K. Yang, 32, Salisbury Bd., Hadworth, Birmingham Anglujo 1907: T. J. Perry, 21 Mansen Road, Sparkhill, Birmingham Anglujo 1907: Fino (=Miss) H. L. Robins, 48 Esmé Road, Sparkhill, Birmingham, Anglujo 1907: A. Watton, 227 Nineveh Road, Birmingham Anglujo 1908: A. N. Lloyd, St Ambrose Vicarage, Birmingham. Anglujo 1908: D. Derrington, Tufa Mount, Sth. Yardley, Birmingham, Anglujo.. Not much is known to me about many of those listed, although some are to be found in post office directories. A striking exception is Frederic William Hipsley. He was an Esperantist and civil engineer born in 1876 in London. In the 1911 census he is describes as a “land surveyor sewage disposal”. He was a lifelong member of the international body Universala Esperanto-Asocio (founded in 1908), a secretary of Birmingham Esperanto Society, secretary and later president of the Midlands Esperanto Federation. According to Ancestry.com he died in 1959. As a Quaker and therefore a Conscientious Objector, he served in the Friends' Ambulance Unit during the First World War. He translated a number of devotional texts from English into Esperanto. Hipsley was the translator of “O Love That Wilt Not Let Me Go” (Ho Am', tenanta min konstante) into Esperanto. Francis Henry Potts (born abt 1864), the son of a solicitor, was a commercial clerk at the time of the 1901 census. Adolf Schlichter was born about 1854 in Germany and died in 1913. He was a Manufacturers' Agent in the 1890 and 1892 Kelly´s Directory of Birmingham. He is described as a “Traveller” in the 1913 Kelly´s Directory of Birmingham. Arthur Lloyd was curate-in-charge of St. Mary & St. Ambrose from 1891 to 1915. This church was a daughter parish to St Bartholomew's Church, Edgbaston. The D. Derrington listed was, I believe, Edwin David Derrington (1887-1968). In 1911 he was an assistant at builder’s merchant in his father's business. W. T. Fennell (1873 – 1928) was described as “strip caster German silver” in 1901, while David Aughtie (1877-1968) was a schoolmaster. William Samuel Keyte (1875 – 1947) was a solicitor’s clerk. WE can trace the travels of Norman Margetts Bloore (1879 - 1955) to Canada where he is described as a theological student, as a chef in the Canada Census of 1911. He then moved south to the United States, where he was employed by the Salvation Army as a book keeper and then as a minister. James George Beauchamp (1877 – 1955) was describes as a “gun barrel filer” in 1901. Clearly those interested in the language, although spread over the city, came together from time to time. According to an inside cover of The British Esperantist magazine for 1908 an Esperanto Society in Birmingham had been founded in September 1906. Its secretary in 1908 was W.E. Turner of 6 Monument Road and the President is listed as P. Galloway. The Birmingham Esperantists succeeded in meeting throughout the First World War.
  2. 1 point
    La nomoj kaj adresoj de fruaj parolantoj de esperanto en Aberdeen, kun iliaj registraj numeroj aperas kiel ĉi-sekve en la Adresaro de Esperantistoj Kun la escepto de la unua nomita kaj 11278, ĉiu listiĝas en «Aberdeen, Anglujo»! (Adresoj aliloke en Skotlando estas ĝuste asignitaj al "Skotlando"). La numero donita estis unika por ĉiu individuo. Efektive, fruaj uzantoj de la lingvo ofte subskribis artikolojn per nur tiu numero, sciante ke kiu ajn deziranta kontakti ilin povus facile trovi la adreson en la Adresaro. Jen la listo : 9930 Hugh G. Ross (M.A.), 8 Thomson Street 10406 Joseph Bisset, Engineer, 14 Roslin Terrace 10407 A. Christen, Bel Air, King’s Gate 10408 David A. Duff, Clerk, 23 Thistle Street 10409 John Durward, Rookseller (tiel!), 5 Upperkirksgate 10410 Mrs C. Farquharson Kennedy 10411 Walter Laing, Clerk, 30 Union Street 10412 John Macdonald, 216 Union Street 10413 George A. Miller, 18 Mile End Avenue 10414 Won (?) G. Robertson, 27 Wallfield Crescent 10415 S. Rose Donaldson, Advocate, 259 Union Street 10461 George Michie, Craigton Cottage, Peterculter 10462 James Robertson, Craigton Cottage, Culter 10463 George Skinner, 40 Devonshire Road 10464 W.G. Smith, 72 Whitehall Road 10465 George Wallace, 98 Bonnymuir Place 10466 Alexander A. Watt, 84 Leslie Terrace 10475 René de Blanchaud, 160 Midstocket Road 10476 Alda de Blanchaud, Viewbank, Midstocket Road 10477 W. Edmund Bell, 24 St Swithin Street 10478 Mrs W. Bell, 24 St Swithin Street 10479 William Kemp, (? c/o) A. Booth, 48 Elmbank Terrace 10480 Robert Brown, 31 Rubislaw Den South 10481 W. Copeland, 49 Garden Place 10482 Miss R.F. Craigmile, 5 Strawberry Bank 10483 Miss B. Craigmile, 5 Strawberry Bank 10484 E.L. Duncan, 33 Hamilton Place 10485 Miss A.H. Grant, Rowan Cottage, Powis Terrace 10486 S.C. Howard, 67 Beaconsfield Place 10487 Dr A. Dalziel Keith, 53 Desswood Place 10488 George Laing, Cults 10489 A. H. Macandrew, Vinery Lodge, Cults 10490 John Milne, 109 Union Grove 10491 James Milne, 9 North Silver Street 10492 W. Todd Moffatt, 68 Forest Road 10493 J.M. Morrison, Grammar School 10494 Alexander Rodger, 165 Forest Avenue 10495 Mary I. Sheret, 78 Powis Place 10535 G.A. Simpson, 14 Belvidere Street 10536 John Smith, 211 Union Street 10537 Alfred J. Tongh, 33 Street (tiel!) 11278 F-ino Forrest, Ludgreharn, Longside, Skotlando 12472 G.M. Mackenzie, 28 Albyn Place 13417 Andew Craig, apotekisto kaj drogisto, 210 Gallowgate Laŭ la interna kovrilo (p.ii) de la revuo The British Esperantist por januaro 1905, Esperanto Societo en Aberdeen estis fondita en oktobro 1904. Ĝia secretario tiam estas S-ro Donaldson S. Rose de 259 Union Street, Aberdeen, kaj la prezidanto aperas kiel A. Christen. En la listo de filiiĝintaj grupoj en 1907 (vidu The British Esperantist,, vol. III, titola paĝo) Aberdeen ne estas enlistigita, aŭ ĉar ĝia societo ĉesis renkontiĝi aŭ ĉar ĝi elektis ne filiiĝi al Brita Esperantista Asocio. Nur en januaro 1919 filiiĝinta Esperanta grupon aperas denove en The British Esperantist, por tiu monato. La sekretario en tiu jaro estis f-ino Annie L. Burgess, p/a s-ino Christopher, 30 Mid-Stocket Road. La kunvenejo estis Trejna Centro, Charlotte Street. La grupo kunvenis vendrede duonmonate je la 8a vespere. En 1921 kiel sekretario rolis f-ino M. Campbell, 34 Skene Square. En 1923 la Sekretario estis f-ino M.D. Thomson, 6 Orchard Lane. La nombro da esperanto-uzantoj en Aberdeen en tiuj fruaj jaroj estas proporcie tre granda kompare kun Edinburgo kaj Glasgovo. Ĉu iu povas klarigi pri tiu subita ekapero de internaciismo en Aberdeen? Certe aperis artkoloj pri la volapuka en lokaj ĵurnaloj dum 188 kaj 1889. Eble tiu ekapero de la volapka pretigis la terenon. Lastatempe mi trovis en Lingvo Internacia, majo 1905 (p. 212) tekston kiu meritas represon senŝanĝe: En Aberdeen aperis nova gazeto esperantista, aŭ pli ĝuste rondiranta maŝinskribajo, eldonata en formo de eleganta kajereto « neostile » presita; ĝia titolo estas La Norda Stelo. La desegnaĵo de la kovrilo montras esperantan stelon brilantan en mallurna ĉielo super la Aberdeen’a urbo prezentata per la urbestreja turo; la kajero entenas diversajn literaturajn tradukojn de Ia grupanoj kaj lokajn sciigojn. Sinturni al la sekretario de la grupo, S-ro D. S. Rose, 259 Union Street, Aberdeen, Skotlando. Por montri, kiel rapide disvastiĝas nia ideo en tiu regiono, ni jene presas eltirajon el letero de D-ro CHRISTEN, la fondinto de la grupo en Aberdeen : « En junio 1904, mi trovis, tralegante broŝureton de D-ro JAVAL, Entre Aveugles, aludon pri Esperanto, dank’ al kiu la aŭtoro povis korespondadi internacie pli facile ol per aliaj de li konataj lingvoj. Mi tre interesiĝis pri tio ĉi kaj tuj venigis kelkajn librojn pri la nova lingvo. En julio ka] aŭgusto, mi ne havis tempon okupi min pri ĝi, sed nur mi povis ricevi kelkajn informojn pri la nuna disvasteco de la lingvo dum vojaĝo, kiun mi faris Parizon. En tiu momento, mi alestis internacian kongreson en Annecy kaj tie mi devis traduki diversajn paroladojn ! Tio ĉi tute konfirmis min en mia intenco ellerni la helpan lingvon, kaj fine en septembro mi povis malfermi miajn esperantajn librojn. La 10-an de decembro mi publikigis unu unuan leteron en la plej gravaj ĉi-tieaj gazetoj ; mi ricevis kelkajn respondojn. La 13-an, mi presigis duan leteron kaj alvokis al kunveno. En tiun ĉi venis pli ol 600 personoj kaj la duono el ili devis returnen iri pro manko da spaco en la halo. La morgaŭan tagon, la ĉefa loka gazeto petis de mi du artikolojn pri la demando ; mi malfermis du senpagajn kursojn, kie enskribiĝis 125 kaj 83 lernantoj. Multaj personoj eklernis Ia lingvon private, la libro- vendistoj ne povis sufiĉi la postulojn. » Al tiu ĉi letero, skribita en oktobro lasta, ni povas nur aldoni, ke la propagando senĉese alportis novajn kaj pli belajn rezultatojn. S-ro Höveler, kiu vizitis nian redakcion antaŭ kelkaj tagoj, diris al ni, ke nun la Aberdeen’a grupo esperantista kalkulas pli ol 500 membrojn, kaj ekster ĝi estas ankaŭ multaj esperantistoj en la regiono. (fino de la citaĵo) Klare la personeco de D-ro Christen ludis gravan rolon en la komenco, sed nek li nek Aberdeen ricevas mencion en La Enciklopedio, eldonita en 1933-35. Mi demandas min ĉu postvivis tiu bulteno La Norda Stelo. Laǔ mia sperto tiaj eldonaĵoj, tiom valoraj por nia historio, rare restas facile troveblaj. Mi scivolas kio okazis al Esperanto en Aberdeen post 1923. Ĉu la grupo daŭre kunvenis? Ĉu protokoloj restas en ekzisto? Ĉu aperis raportoj en lokaj revuo post 1904? Ĉu iuj el tiuj entuziasmuloj havis eblecon paroli Esperanton kun homoj de aliaj landoj? Bill Chapman
  3. 1 point
    The names and addresses of early speakers of Esperanto in Aberdeen, with their registration numbers are as follows in the Adresaro de Esperantistoj (collection of addresses of Esperantists) of January 1904 to January 1905 (Series XXV). With the exception of the first named, all of the following are listed in Aberdeen, Anglujo, i.e. England! (Addresses elsewhere in Scotland are correctly assigned to “Skotlando”). The number given is a unique one for each individual. Indeed, early users of the language frequently signed articles with that number alone, knowing that anyone wanting to contact them could easily find their address in the Adresaro. Here are the names of those Aberdeen pioneers of over a century ago: 9930 Hugh G. Ross (M.A.), 8 Thomson Street 10406 Joseph Bisset, Engineer, 14 Roslin Terrace 10407 A. Christen, Bel Air, King’s Gate 10408 David A. Duff, Clerk, 23 Thistle Street 10409 John Durward, Rookseller (sic), 5 Upperkirksgate 10410 Mrs C. Farquharson Kennedy 10411 Walter Laing, Clerk, 30 Union Street 10412 John Macdonald, 216 Union Street 10413 George A. Miller, 18 Mile End Avenue 10414 Won (?) G. Robertson, 27 Wallfield Crescent 10415 S. Rose Donaldson, Advocate, 259 Union Street 10461 George Michie, Craigton Cottage, Peterculter 10462 James Robertson, Craigton Cottage, Culter 10463 George Skinner, 40 Devonshire Road 10464 W.G. Smith, 72 Whitehall Road 10465 George Wallace, 98 Bonnymuir Place 10466 Alexander A. Watt, 84 Leslie Terrace 10475 René de Blanchaud, 160 Midstocket Road 10476 Alda de Blanchaud, Viewbank, Midstocket Road 10477 W. Edmund Bell, 24 St Swithin Street 10478 Mrs W. Bell, 24 St Swithin Street 10479 William Kemp, (? c/o) A. Booth, 48 Elmbank Terrace 10480 Robert Brown, 31 Rubislaw Den South 10481 W. Copeland, 49 Garden Place 10482 Miss R.F. Craigmile, 5 Strawberry Bank 10483 Miss B. Craigmile, 5 Strawberry Bank 10484 E.L. Duncan, 33 Hamilton Place 10485 Miss A.H. Grant, Rowan Cottage, Powis Terrace 10486 S.C. Howard, 67 Beaconsfield Place 10487 Dr A. Dalziel Keith, 53 Desswood Place 10488 George Laing, Cults 10489 A. H. Macandrew, Vinery Lodge, Cults 10490 John Milne, 109 Union Grove 10491 James Milne, 9 North Silver Street 10492 W. Todd Moffatt, 68 Forest Road 10493 J.M. Morrison, Grammar School 10494 Alexander Rodger, 165 Forest Avenue 10495 Mary I. Sheret, 78 Powis Place 10535 G.A. Simpson, 14 Belvidere Street 10536 John Smith, 211 Union Street 10537 Alfred J. Tongh, 33 Street (sic) 11278 F-ino Forrest, Ludgreharn, Longside, Skoptlando 12472 G.M. Mackenzie, 28 Albyn Place 13417 Andew Craig, (apotekisto kaj drogsto) (=apothecary and druggist), 210 Gallowgate According to the inside cover (p.ii) of The British Esperantist magazine for January 1905, an Esperanto Society in Aberdeen had been founded in October 1904. Its Secretary is given as Mr Donaldson S. Rose of 259 Union Street, Aberdeen, and the President is listed as A. Christen Esq. In the list of affiliated groups in 1907 (see The British Esperantist, vol. III, title page) Aberdeen is not listed, either because it had ceased to meet or because it had chosen not to affiliate to the British Esperanto Association. Only in January 1919 does an affiliated Esperanto group appear again in the The British Esperantist for that month. The secretary in that year was Miss Annie, L. Burgess, c/o Mrs Christopher, 30 Mid-Stocket Road. The meeting venue is given as Training Centre, Charlotte Street. The group met on a Friday fortnightly at 8 pm. In 1921 the secretary is given as Miss M. Campbell, 34a Skene Square. In 1923 the Secretary is given as Miss M.D. Thomson, 6 Orchard Lane. The number of Esperanto speakers registered in Aberdeen is disproportionately large compared to Edinburgh and Glasgow. Can anyone account for this sudden outbreak of internationalism in Aberdeen? One can speculste that the appearance of articles about Volapük in two local newspapers in 1888 and 1889 had prepared the ground. Bill Chapman
  4. 1 point
    There are no two ways around it; if you're going to learn Esperanto, you're going to need a dictionary. But where do you find them? Which ones are the best? Are there paper ones? Online? We've added a page to our Resources section which answers all those questions and more, plus provides links to recommended dictionaries. We hope you find it useful!
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