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Showing content with the highest reputation since 03/12/2018 in all areas

  1. 3 points
    Saluton Tim! I first came across Esperanto from my dad and a satirical poltical party broadcast (random I know!). From this, I created an account on Lernu and started learning the language on Duolingo about 2-3 years ago, but lost motivation and interest. Since a few weeks ago, my interest is well and truly rekindled. The more I learn about Esperanto, its history and ideals, the more I fall in love with it. I have a lot of self doubt in terms of learning languages (my track-record isn't great). At the moment though I'm determined to prove to myself that I can become fluent in a different language. The plan I have in mind to learn this time round is daily use of Duolingo, work through Complete Esperanto, self-exposure to Esperanto songs, videos podcasts and comics and work on Lernu a few times a week. I'm also actively looking for conversation partners, preferably via Skype. When I feel brave enough (hopefully in about 4-6 months, I'm hoping to push myself and go to an actual meeting and converse with local enthusiasts - perhaps even at the EAB!
  2. 3 points
    Just downloaded the 1st book. Love the format - the note section after each lesson is easy to understand. To have these available free is an absolute bonus. Thanks EAB
  3. 2 points
    Our friend Bill Chapman, an Esperantist since the age of 16, sadly passed away peacefully on Thursday, May 21 2020. Bill had been battling cancer, with his usual cheer and optimism, over the past year. Unfortunately, despite steps to isolate him, Bill contracted Covid-19 and was taken to hospital, where he left us, although not before telling the nursing staff all about Esperanto, true to form! It isn't possible to do justice to Bill in a notification like this one. Rest assured that there will be more about Bill in the next issue of La Brita Esperantisto. Much as many of us would dearly like to salute Bill, I'm afraid that lockdown restrictions limiting public gatherings and entry into Wales mean that it is very unlikely that we will have the opportunity to. If the situation changes, I will post an update. Bill's family have nominated two charities which meant something to Bill, should anybody wish to make a donation in his memory. They are: Citizens Advice Bangor, which offers free, independent and confidential advice that helps people with legal and financial worries, and of which Bill was a trustee; Awyr Las Gogledd Cymru - Blue Sky North Wales, an NHS Charity that supports the specific hospital wards, departments or community healthcare services which the NHS in North Wales cannot provide. Nia amiko Bill Chapman, kiu esperantistiĝis nur 16-jara, bedaŭrinde forpasis pace ĵaudon la 21-an de majo 2020. Dum unu jaro li bataladis kanceron, kun siaj kutimaj gajeco kaj optimismemo. Malgraŭ granda kloplodado izoligi lin, Bill bedaŭrinde enhospitaliĝis pro KOVIM-19. Plena nekrolojo aperos en La Brita Esperantisto. Pro la pandemio, ŝajnas neeble, ke eksterfamilianoj povos partopreni la funebraĵojn. Se la situacio ŝanĝiĝos, mi diskonigos la informojn. La familio de Bill elektis du bonfarajn asociojn al kiuj oni povus mondonaci memore al Bill. Tiuj estas: Citizens Advice Bangor (Konsila servo por civitanoj en la urbo Bangor), kiu proponas senpagajn, sendependajn kaj konfidencajn konsilojn al homoj kun zorgoj leĝaj kaj financaj, kaj de kiu Bill estis kuratoro. Awyr Las Gogledd Cymru - Blue Sky North Wales, bonfaraĵo de la nacia sanservo, kiu subtenas precipe la hospitalajn sekciojn kaj sanservojn en la komunumo, kiujn la NHS (Nacia sanservo) en Norda Kimrujo ne povas provizi.
  4. 2 points
  5. 2 points
    I've found Duolingo's Esperanto course to be an excellent resource. It's by far the best of the courses they offer of those I've tried, and the only one where I've come away able to converse in the target language. I keep a general list of learning resources here. For complete beginners, I'd recommend starting with Duolingo (make sure you join the Facebook group too) and these introductory video lessons. D.K. Jordan's Being Colloquial In Esperanto is an ideal read once you've got going. Check EAB's member map, Eventa Servo, and Duolingo Events for opportunities to meet other speakers.
  6. 2 points
    Catch 22 is about right, I think, Rhys. I know of thorough translations which exist but permission for which was subsequently declined, meaning that the work won't see the light of day. Frustrating for the translators and a reason underlying why I personally won't translate ahead of securing permission to publish. But then that puts you in the difficult position of then having to produce something at the appropriate level within a time frame. I don't think people in general realise how difficult and time-consuming translation is if it's done correctly. There's a reason that most professional translators translate into their native languages rather than from them into a learned one. In our case, we're all translating into something which isn't our native language. That makes the job harder. As Edmund pointed out earlier regarding La Krubalo and a soon-to-be-announced book, there are often additional complicating constraints. Those books rhyme and really heavily on single-syllable words, which we don't tend to have in Esperanto outside of pronouns, prepositions and numbers. Then you have to match the metre and the imagery. The Krubalo-style book which we'll announce in a week or so took a fluent speaker seven months to get to a position he was happy with, and even then Edmund and I recommended some changes afterwards. It's tricky. Perhaps one day we'll be in a position where we can manage this a little bit better. It's early days for us at the moment. It's been a fun ride so far, though, with more to come 🙂
  7. 2 points
    I like your plan Rhys. you say you are looking for conversation partners. One of the best programmes available to learners is on the edukado.net website and is called 'Ekparolu!'. https://edukado.net/ekparolu/prezento It pairs komencantoj with more experienced speakers who are happy to give their time to help new learners etc improve in their use of the spoken language. A highly recommended tool. Watch the introductory video in the link above or read all about it in the recent article in uea.facila https://uea.facila.org/artikoloj/ĝenerale/venu-kaj-ekparolu/ By the way, that's another great tool for learners, in case you had not discovered it yet. Finally, DON'T wait until 'you are good enough' to go to a local meeting or EAB events (Lernu, Lernu Plu, the national conference, other events). As a well-known Esperantist recently said, you are not going to swim by reading books on swimming... 😉
  8. 2 points
    I think there probably is an opportunity to get more books published just by coordinating and managing the process. Publishing a book is a daunting prospect if you have to do everything by yourself: not just translate, but find people to edit and proofread, negotiate with a publisher, typeset, design a cover, arrange printing and distribution, publicity, ... It's enough to put most people off even starting. But if you have a team of people with some experience then you might be able to encourage other people to get involved. Sezonoj published a couple of books ("Rustimuna Ŝtalrato", "Ŝerloko Holmso") that had different people translating different chapters: a good way to get new people involved. Could we arrange some sort of training for translators? That's probably beyond us. However, a lot of skills are transferable between languages. I think the classes I had in translation between English and German, a long time ago, helped me translate between English and Esperanto, and books I've read about translation theory have helped as well. But those projects with multiple translators also must have helped people learn, provided they paid attention to all the criticism and debate that followed the first draft of each chapter. Perhaps EAB should help organise something like that one day. Anyone want to discuss this idea in Leicester?
  9. 2 points
    That's a very thorough answer, so thanks for that! Hmmm, it seems that sometimes it's a bit of a catch 22 then? As in, Esperanto needs more skilled speakers to become passionate enough to take on the difficult process of translation, but publishers don't take the proposition seriously if there's no professionally organised interest? I hope in my lifetime at least I will see this change - there appears to be such a business opportunity for large and small publishers to encourage translations into Esperanto. Imagine how their audiences and sales would expand! I'm really passionate about this and feel that for the language to spread further we need to get younger generations to see Esperanto as a viable lingua franca across the world when they encounter a new favourite book/ youtuber/ Netflix series. ......Or perhaps I'm just a doey-eyed komencanto? 😉
  10. 2 points
    Quite apart from legal/practical problems there's the problem of getting a good translation. Some of these books are rather hard to translate. The author picks some words that rhyme in the source language, certain objects get incorporated into the story and the pictures, and then the translator somehow has to find rhymes in the target language. If you'd been writing originally in the target language you would have picked different objects. But even with ordinary prose it takes some skill and a lot of work to get a good translation. As for the process, it will depend on who owns the copyright. There's a distinction to be made between co-publishing/co-printing, which is what happened for "La Krubalo" and "Mil Unuaj Vortoj" and another forthcoming book - see articles in the next issue of "La Brita Esperantisto"! - and there's the ordinary sort of permission to publish a translation. Some publishers are set up to do co-printing in multiple languages and have a draft contract all ready. You just need to show them you're a serious and trustworthy client publisher. EAB now has some credentials for that. However, I'm not sure whether EAB has done the ordinary sort of translation, though there are a couple of active projects in that area. Sometimes publishers are not very responsive if they get an e-mail from someone they don't already know. Perhaps in some cases it works better to meet them at a Book Fair, like the London one that's just been coronacancelled. There's also the case where no special permission is required. Probably most translations into Esperanto are of originals that are out of copyright. There are plenty of famous classics not yet translated. My https://rano.org/frateto/ is a much more unusual subcase: it's a modern and famous book that was already licensed for anyone to translate it. (I think it's aimed at "young adults".)
  11. 2 points
    Saluton again. Sent off answers for the 1st chapter of the 'Elementary'course and got a prompt response from my tutor. It took me a while to get to that point as I was busy at work, but the tutor was understanding. In the interim I have also been reading the old short book 'The Esperanto Teacher' available from this site. I actually really like this one - as it easily nailed a couple of aspects I was unclear about .....such as the use of 'n' to distinguish the 'object' from the 'subject' and how this principle carries across all the words relating to the object. As with anything you are learning new, there is a learning curve and every time something starts to make sense, you open the next page to be greeted by a whole new batch of grammar that immediately sets you back. But I will not give up. I will keep you updated as I go....if you are also a Komencanto and still progressing, feel free to send me a message - it would be good to support each other through.......Dankon !
  12. 2 points
  13. 2 points
    The story of how I learned Esperanto has been told countless times before, whether on the Duolingo Esperanto learners' Facebook group or in the 'Brita Esperantisto'. However, for the uninitiated, here's the story. I was a lost, confused teenager who had no life or social skills and began to learn Esperanto due to a break up and wanting to learn a simple language. Unlike most people who were starting at the same time as me, I was always behind, struggling with my learning. However, I persevered and carried on studying, attending events from NOJEF funding to improve my skills. It became a monthly occurrence, requesting NOJEF funding and travelling to somewhere with-in Great Britain, whether England, Scotland or Wales. My level of Esperanto increased as did my social skills, confidence and life skills. This all came to a head when during a Lernu Plu, Tim Morley suggested that I come along with him to Slovakia for an international event called SES, and so, Tim Morley, Anna Langley, Ali Mechan and myself began our two day travel across Europe by car to Slovakia. I was scared, I had never left the country, it was little over a year ago that I had even left my tiny Scottish almost-village in Ayrshire to the big city of Manchester, England. I remember getting to the Euro Tunnel and being scared of the 'border police' and experiencing my ears being blocked from a pressurised environment for my first time. Arriving in France and going to a shop, where the other person couldn't speak English, the confusion of this for me and being shocked that we are driving on the 'wrong' side of the road! The crossing of countries, freely via the Schengen zone, and reaching the autobahn, speeding by at 200km/h! Even being confused by the the 'exit' sign in German, I remember saying, 'wow! All roads seem to run to this place called 'Ausfahrt'. As we arrived at our stop over point in Germany, staying at a stranger's home was apparently normal to Esperanto speakers, but to me, I was freaked out, I couldn't sleep the whole night! In the morning, we carried on our journey towards Slovakia and when we reached Czechia, I was shocked, they are in Europe, but they don't accept Euros?? There was so much to learn. SES was an emotional roller coaster, I was so struck with change, my autistic brain just couldn't cope and I wasn't being the best friend I could with everyone, maybe causing a little drama. SES was amazing though, I learnt so much, I was shocked that I could use this language I thought I'd never be able to speak. The problem with this experience was, that the journey was more valuable to me, than the actual event. It was being with friends, actually having friends, talking to people and understanding things, which, I couldn't grasp before. A few weeks prior to SES, Damon Lord, via Twitter, sent me a link to work in Toulouse in Esperanto. I thought it was cool, but I never could do it! I wasn't good enough. But after talking to my friends and experiencing SES, I thought, hey why not apply to it. So I did. I got my interview with Marion from Esperanto-Kultur-Centro de Tuluzo and I couldn't understand half of what they were saying, the internet was terrible and their computer fan was far too loud. But what did I have to loose, I worked in Tesco (What I lovingly called and still do call, Tescaĉo.) and I hated my job there. So I accepted with little to no knowledge of what I was actually signing up for. It was going to be hard for me though, it took me my whole life to make friends, and I finally had friends in Manchester, Guilherme Fians, Marco Pedroni, Adam Hall, Martin Rue and others, who were all Esperanto speakers. I was scared to give that all up. But somehow I knew, this was the right thing for me to do. Before I left however, I went to one last Lernu and little did I know, the surprise I would receive there.. It was the last day of the Lernu. I was ready to leave, Adam Hall was going to drive me back to Manchester. However, at the end, the lovely Ed Robertson, said they had one last announcement. I was confused. This never normally happens, I wonder what is up. He announces that I am going to France in a weeks. That is nice I thought, but then they pull out this bag full of French learning books. I was in awe and the top of it, they played the tear-jerking video from Ian Carter, telling me, how proud of me everyone is and how I've done so well in facing my disabilities and life. I am crying just writing about it now. I couldn't stop crying, all I thought is, I don't deserve this. I don't deserve this. It was at least £200 worth of French learning material, that all my friends secretly bought me. How they all cared about me. I couldn't deal with it. I just cried and cried and cried. Finally, I felt welcome, I felt loved, I felt as if I fit in. I knew for awhile that I was getting well known, it is a running joke, that I am the 'Fama Sammy Kennedy' (Although, I still do think it is fifama) but that was amazing. Before I left, I met the amazing James DeVoge who lives in Paris but came to Barlaston for the course. He said he would meet me in Paris to get my connection to Toulouse. I was so happy as I was travelling by train to there, due to my massive fear of flights. My life was going somewhere.. The 24th of September 2018, one year to the date, that my longest term girlfriend cheated on me, that started this catalyst of learning Esperanto, I was moving to Toulouse, I packed my suitcase full of everything I needed. I waved my brother goodbye who guested me in his house during my stay in Manchester and so I jumped on my train to London. In London my suitcase broke!! One wheel out of two down. It was only a £35 XL case from Argos and I did massively over-pack it. I arrived at St. Pancras and I got on the Eurostar to Paris. I met a lovely woman on the train, who spoke to me about how much I'll love Toulouse. When in Paris I met James and we swapped to the train station by Metro! (The first time I was ever underground!) I boarded the train to Toulouse and while I was on the train, I received an email from who I thought was going to be my landlord, stating, they weren't going to accept me! I had no clue what I was going to do. The lovely Rikardo and Jeanette (Who created Pasporta Servo) guested me until I could find a place to stay. Toulouse really was the making of me. I had to learn to survive on my own. There was no guidance, there was no support. I learned that everyone had their own life and their own stuff and I couldn't weigh them down with my own problems. I grew up learning that, I had to speak to people about my problems instead of bottling them up, but what I didn't realise was, you can't just talk about nothing but your problems to people. You'll loose friends this way. I made many friends in Toulouse, Elsa, Micheal-Boris, Greta, Flori and Emmanuelle. I became comfortable in my own skin, wearing what I felt comfortable in (Don't judge, kilts are super comfy! Haha) My greatest inspiration and buddy had to Micheal-Boris, he really is like my brother from another Mother, He is loud like me, he is like marmite like me, and he loves his food like me! We went on many adventures together, across Toulouse, we cycled across the city, across Occitanian countryside, we went hiking and we went for meals and drinks at least 2/3 times a week. I honestly love him with all my heart. And I know he loves me too. My work colleagues and I went to JES in Germany for new-years, we went by plane and I was scared, I remember being on the plane before take off, having a panic attack, this lovely kind lady sat next to me, asked if I was okay, I said I am so scared of heights, and flying and I never been on a plane before. She just spoke to me calmly and gently about what was going to happen and just about life to calm me down. Her sweet voice relaxed me so much, that I fell asleep on her!! ? Toulouse helped me learn how to have a work ethic, although I didn't do great for a lot of Toulouse, I was learning, and I feel at the end, all pistons were firing. Toulouse gave me so much experience as a person and this was due to Esperanto. Without Esperanto, I wouldn't be the person who I am today. Esperanto speakers are a very welcoming bunch, who always wanted to put me on the right path. Becoming of age via Esperanto, certainly was a unique experience, it has shaped my world view and took me from the little country boy to the internationalist that I am today. From the boy who went to his first Lernu, only knowing how to say Hello and How are you, who was scared of going into shops by himself, cried going on the train for the first time to his first Esperanto event, to the man I am today, who can easily travel via planes, can deal with whatever life throws at him and is finally happy with himself. Esperanto was there every step of the way. I was in a storm and Esperanto was my ship, but now the skies are clear and any dark clouds in the distance, I am no longer scared of but excited for the future adventures I'll encounter. ?
  14. 2 points
    Finfine ankaŭ mi finlegis la libron. Mi konsentas pri la pli fruaj komentoj de aliaj: La aŭtoro evidente ne sekvas la konsilon de Claude Piron en "la bona linvgo" eviti neologismojn; ofte deSeabra uzas "poezian" vorton anstataŭ pli simplan, mem-evidentan vorton (ekz p11 "poltrono" anstataŭ "malkuraĝulo", p17 "eosto" anstataŭ "oriento"). La gloso (p86) helpas, sed ne sufiĉas. Oni povas supozi ke la pensoj de mortanta homo vagas, kaj la rakonto ja faras tion - ĝi saltas en tempo kaj en loko, kaj ofte estis (por mi) malfacile diveni kie kaj kiam (en la sinsekvo de eventoj) ĉiu nova teksto-bloko sidu. Por mi la kunteksto kaj la rolantoj estis malklaraj, ĝis (finfine) en pp47-53 oni lernas ke la konflikto estas (laŭvorte!) nigra-blanka afero, ke (p49) la "ĉefurbo" estas en afriko sed la "metropolo" estas en eŭropo, ktp. Pro tiuj malfacilaĵoj mi ne ĝuis la libron; mi konsilas homon nur legi ĝin se vi ĝuas lukti kun teksto! (Kaj mi ankaŭ konsilas komenci per p86 tiam pp47-53, antaŭ ol legi de p1 pluen. Mi supozas ke p12 l6 "Aŭ ĉu vi konsideras ... cigaredojn?" estas pres-eraro - ĝi estu aparta alineo, kaj estu inter parol-markoj. La libro estas nekonforme alta (tro por sidi en mia librobretaro), kaj la spino estas presita inversigite, sed tiuj aferoj ne gravas ĉar mi ne emas reteni ĝin en mia Esperanta-librokolekto.
  15. 2 points
    This fantastic course will print onto two sheets of a4 and gives the basics for speaking the entire language in present tense. Only 8 verbs are introduced at this stage but, really that's not the point. Why did I not learn this earlier, it's great!
  16. 2 points
    Ho. Mi devis kontroli multajn vortojn. ? la libro ŝajnas interesa (kaj mallonga) sed mi ne scias ĉu mi vere ŝatas la rakonton aŭ la stilon. Evidente mi ne jam finis ĝin do estas tro frue por decidi.
  17. 2 points
    We're very happy to share the information that the Universala Kongreso de Esperanto will be coming to our country in 2021! The venue will be Queen’s University, Belfast with the UK running from July 17 to 24! We're two years (and two UKs) away from the event so there isn't currently anything else to report. Keep the date free in your diaries and stay tuned for more!
  18. 2 points
    Elections for trusteeship were held at today's AGM. All seven candidates were elected. Name (for/against/abstain) Ian Carter (43/5/3) Edmund Grimley Evans (48/0/3) Clare Hunter (50/1/0) Damon Lord (44/3/4) Lajo Miller (42/3/6) Ed Robertson (48/3/0) Richard Smith (45/1/5) Ian Carter was re-elected president of EAB.
  19. 2 points

    23 downloads

    The first lesson of EAB's free taster course. This is a two-page booklet. It gives instructions on where to submit your answers once you've completed it.
  20. 2 points
    Hi Thomas Thanks a lot for your reply. I particularly liked your idea of Esperanto as something you do rather han something you are. Best wishes Frank
  21. 1 point
    Jen la libro, kiun mi legos ekde la 1a de Aprilo. Ĉu ankaŭ vi volas legi ĝin? Aŭ eble vi jam legis ĝin 🙂 Se jes, atendu kelkajn tagojn kaj poste komencu kundividi viajn impresojn. Eble ankaŭ mi faros tion. Se vi ankoraŭ ne legis ĝin kaj volas fari tion pli malpli je la sama tempo ol mi, mi antaŭĝojas legi viajn komentojn pri la libro. Mi esperas, ke miaj impresoj pri ĝi estos pli proksimaj al tiuj pri 'La fotoalbumo' ol tiuj pri 'Ĉu vi konas...."!
  22. 1 point
  23. 1 point
    Saluton Rhys, Mark, Matio & Rico It's great to see this site gathering a bit of pace - you can see that with the number of people signing up daily. Rhys, I too am a komencanto and a bit out of my depth in full blown conversations. However it is amazing, how much you can pick up in such a short time. I am conscious though, that whilst my reading skills are getting on great - I've never had an opportunity to chat and have my pronunciation corrected. Keep falling into the trap of sounding vowels differently ie 'domo' with the 1st 'o' as in dog and the 2nd as in 'boat' - my mind knows what to say - but my mouth wants to say something else ! So I'm just going to jump in - I've booked a place on the Lernu session on 9th May. Might be worth setting your sites on that - gives you a few months to build up. Good luck, speak soon Dave
  24. 1 point
    Saluton Mark! it's very exciting to virtually meet you and to know that you guys are so close-by. I'm still feeling a little chicken about actually communicating live as of yet, as I still feel quite out my depth with this, and my currrent vocabulary is extremely limited. However, as there is a week or so before then, I'll see how I feel a few days before. Really hope I feel ready to take the plunge then, as I know how beneficial it is for learning. If not, then I will definitely definitely be along soon - one of the reasons I love Esperanto is for the vibrant, friendly community afterall! Gis baldau!
  25. 1 point
    Hi Rhys, as well as the club in Nottingham which Mark runs, there is club meeting up in York every three months on a Saturday (next one in York is 20th June). I know York is further to travel but if you would like to make it a day out of it and just pop into the esperanto meeting while you are there, then that would be a good opportunity to kill two birds with one stone as they say. Kind Regards, Matio
  26. 1 point
    First of all, congraulations on the recent release of the Esperanto version of the Gruffalo! This got me thinking - there are plenty of other children's classics, adult fiction and graphic novels that seem to be fertile ground for further such translations. What is the legal/ general practical process for developing a translation of an already exisitng work? And how come there aren't more of these brilliant translations around?
  27. 1 point
    This looks amazing! Thanks so much for sharing. I don't want to overwhelm myself with too much content all at once, but I will definitely be checking this out properly sometime soon! 🙂
  28. 1 point

    18 downloads

    La Blanka Rozo 285 de printempo 2020
  29. 1 point
    Ho jes, la tria volumo nur lastatempe eldoniĝis. Raklamojn pri ĝi oni povas vidi en kelkaj el la pasintaj eldonoj de la revuo 'Monato'. Mi certe aĉetos ĝin se ne baldaŭ, ĉar mi lastatempe aŭ aĉetis aŭ alimaniere ricevis plurajn E-librojn kaj ne estas sufiĉe da tempo en la tago! Pro la sama kialo, mi kunsentas pri ioma malrapidigo de la sinsekvo de legotaj libroj.. Pri 'La enigmo de la ar@eneo', bedaŭrinde mi ne posedas ekzempleron. Do, se vi volas legi tiun libron, bonvolu fari tion kaj mi rekomencos la komunan legadon kiam la grupo legas 'La fotoalbumo Vol II'. ?
  30. 1 point
    Post legado de 'Kredu min, sinjorino!' kaj de 'Fundamenta Krestomatio', (kaj de la bela nova libro 'La Krubalo') finfine mi povas komenci la legadon de 'La Fotoalbumo'. Tamen, ŝajnas ke la unuaj 25 paĝoj ne estas legindaj.. do eble mi legos ekde paĝo 26. ?
  31. 1 point
    It's an honour to know you, Sammy!
  32. 1 point
    Mian vi vidos ĉe eBay. Ĝi kuŝas kun la skatoloj, kiujn mi alportos al Esperanto-Domo post du tagoj.
  33. 1 point
    Mi antaŭvidas kelkajn ekzemplerojn de 'Ĉu vi konas....' sur la tablo de 'brokantaj libroj' dum la venonta Brita kongreso...
  34. 1 point
    Mi legis aliajn librojn de Trevor Steele kiu, laŭ mia opinio, estas bona aŭtoro kiu verkas klare kaj legeble. Pri Serĝi Elgo kaj Abel Montague mi havas nenian sperton. Tamen, el la tri elektoj, "La fotoalbumo vol 1" estas la plej dika ... eble 366 paĝoj estos tro por trakti "dum novembo". Sed la aŭtoro organizis ĝin en mallongaj ĉapitroj (unu po foto), do eblas dividi ĝin en manĝeblaj pecoj.
  35. 1 point
    Mi finlegis ĝin, kaj daŭre ne komprenas, kiu kiuas, kio okazas ktp. Mi povas aserti, ke tiu ĉu libro ŝajne estas la plej malbona originala verko en Esperanto, kiun mi iam ajn finlegis. (Plurajn mi komencis, sed ne finis. Tiel mi estus farinta ankaŭ kun tiu ĉi, se mi ne estus membro de nia grupo!)
  36. 1 point
    @Vilĉjo Walker kaj @Tim, vi ambaŭ diras, ke vi ne intencas aŭ emas konservi la libron... Do, jes... ankaŭ mi ne havis la plej altan opinion pri la libro. Tamen, mi tute ne povas forĵeti ĝin. Mi tute ne kapablas fari tion! Temas pri libro. Ĉu vi aŭdis min? L-I-B-R-O. Mi ne kapablas forĵeti librojn. ?
  37. 1 point
    Kiel vi scias, @Tim, mi nun finis la legadon de la libro. Mi povas konfirmi, ke eĉ leginte la tutan rakonton, oni ne ricevas sufiĉe kompletan priskribon de la ĉefroluloj, de la interagoj, de la eventoj, de la intrigo. Fakte, eble jen la problemo: mankas (sufiĉe bona) intrigo. Nur unu fina demando elstaras por mi..
  38. 1 point
    Mi alvenis al paĝo 9. Jam ĝenis min 'paseo' en 'Oni provis imagi la paseon'. Kial ne 'pasintaĵon/kio okazis/la fonon'? Persone mi ne povus subteni la uzon de 'aliel'. Tio tute haltigis la legadon. Mi ne kontraŭas, ke oni aldonu finaĵojn al la tabelvortoj (tiea, tiama, kiuj, kiu kiuas), sed tabelvortajn finaĵojn oni male ne aldonu al aliaj vortoj. Jam 'alio' kaj 'alia' havas proprajn signifojn, kaj se 'aliel' oni permesas, kial ne 'Mi vidis Times libron'?
  39. 1 point
    Troviĝas glosaro en la lastaj paĝoj. Tiu ĉi ŝajnas al mi tute nenecesa vorto prenita el la franca. Oni povus uzi jaman vorton por klarigi la saman signifon, ĉu ne?
  40. 1 point
    Hi @Tim It's great that we have this new reading club / reading group. Personally, I'm very much in the "I want to read books" camp as opposed to the "I want to spend lots of time talking about, discussing or writing in forums about books" camp. Unfortunately, I will not have the time to do much peripheral activity, besides actually reading the books. (and I know what I'm like. Look at me now: I'm supposed to be sending out invoices / chasing clients today and here I am, dealing with Esperanto...). In response to your questions: -I definitely vote for 'one thread per book'. The fewer, the better. -Definitely Esperanto. For me, that's the whole point. However, I don't want to impose this on anyone. -Yes, let's try (at least) to read certain parts of the book at the same time and then have questions about the content, maybe the language, words used, new words learnt etc. That could be quite fun and a good use of the forum thread maybe. Finally, I normally read two-three books at the same time and have a 'waiting list' going on so I hope some of those books in the list can make it to the group list. ? Amike, Rico
  41. 1 point
    That font may be usable for Esperanto with modern software, but would it be usable for Esperanto with Quark 5? Almost certainly not, I would presume. You would presumably need to modify it, replacing some Latin-1 characters with the Esperanto characters. That modification is probably not hard to do, when you know how; I think I may have done something like that myself, a long time ago. The number of people interesting in modifying fonts to use them with pre-Unicode software has probably rather dwindled. You may need some kind of computer archaeologist for this!
  42. 1 point
    I don't know anything about Quark, but it might be a mistake to use an "Esperanto" font. Esperanto's characters are included in WGL4 (a standard set of about 656 characters), so any modern high-quality font is likely to include them. If a font was specially designed for Esperanto then it's probably a pre-Unicode font that puts the Esperanto characters in a non-standard place, probably instead of some Latin-1 characters. If you find where they are then you might be able to use them, getting the text to look right, but don't expect copy and paste to work. You're probably better off using some modern font that includes WGL4. Edit: Of course, Quark 5 predates Unicode! In that case, try copy-pasting some Latin-1 characters to see if any of them is replaced by an Esperanto letter. Here's U+00A1 to U+00FF for you (hoping it won't cause this crappy JavaScript editor to crash): ¡¢£¤¥¦§¨©ª«¬­®¯°±²³´µ¶·¸¹º»¼½¾¿ÀÁÂÃÄÅÆÇÈÉÊËÌÍÎÏÐÑÒÓÔÕÖ×ØÙÚÛÜÝÞßàáâãäåæçèéêëìíîïðñòóôõö÷øùúûüýþÿ
  43. 1 point
    Nedankinde. Mi esperas eldonigi post du monatoj tutan libron pri la frua historio de Esperanto en Britio.
  44. 1 point
    Have you never been to an Esperanto event abroad? We'd like to help you take those first steps and are offering £200 towards your costs to participate in Somera Esperanto-Studado in Slovakia. It's an an event from July 12 to 20 and encompasses a mix of classroom activities (for all levels), tourism, and socialising -- all in Esperanto, of course! Details about our scheme
  45. 1 point
    Mi ne konis tion; ŝajnas interese. Mi vizitos.
  46. 1 point
    Dankon pro viaj afablaj vortoj. Via komento pri la uzado de "Skatola Tago" estas tute komprenebla. Mi volis inkluzivi plurajn internaciajn tagojn k.t.p. Tamen, por tiuj tagoj, kiuj estas publikferioj en Britio mi uzis tradukon de ĝia oficiala nomo (kie konvena). Plue, ĉirkaŭ Kristnasko ekzistas multaj tradicioj en ĉiu lando, do mi ne povas skribi ĉion tie.
  47. 1 point
  48. 1 point
    The names and addresses of early speakers of Esperanto in Aberdeen, with their registration numbers are as follows in the Adresaro de Esperantistoj (collection of addresses of Esperantists) of January 1904 to January 1905 (Series XXV). With the exception of the first named, all of the following are listed in Aberdeen, Anglujo, i.e. England! (Addresses elsewhere in Scotland are correctly assigned to “Skotlando”). The number given is a unique one for each individual. Indeed, early users of the language frequently signed articles with that number alone, knowing that anyone wanting to contact them could easily find their address in the Adresaro. Here are the names of those Aberdeen pioneers of over a century ago: 9930 Hugh G. Ross (M.A.), 8 Thomson Street 10406 Joseph Bisset, Engineer, 14 Roslin Terrace 10407 A. Christen, Bel Air, King’s Gate 10408 David A. Duff, Clerk, 23 Thistle Street 10409 John Durward, Rookseller (sic), 5 Upperkirksgate 10410 Mrs C. Farquharson Kennedy 10411 Walter Laing, Clerk, 30 Union Street 10412 John Macdonald, 216 Union Street 10413 George A. Miller, 18 Mile End Avenue 10414 Won (?) G. Robertson, 27 Wallfield Crescent 10415 S. Rose Donaldson, Advocate, 259 Union Street 10461 George Michie, Craigton Cottage, Peterculter 10462 James Robertson, Craigton Cottage, Culter 10463 George Skinner, 40 Devonshire Road 10464 W.G. Smith, 72 Whitehall Road 10465 George Wallace, 98 Bonnymuir Place 10466 Alexander A. Watt, 84 Leslie Terrace 10475 René de Blanchaud, 160 Midstocket Road 10476 Alda de Blanchaud, Viewbank, Midstocket Road 10477 W. Edmund Bell, 24 St Swithin Street 10478 Mrs W. Bell, 24 St Swithin Street 10479 William Kemp, (? c/o) A. Booth, 48 Elmbank Terrace 10480 Robert Brown, 31 Rubislaw Den South 10481 W. Copeland, 49 Garden Place 10482 Miss R.F. Craigmile, 5 Strawberry Bank 10483 Miss B. Craigmile, 5 Strawberry Bank 10484 E.L. Duncan, 33 Hamilton Place 10485 Miss A.H. Grant, Rowan Cottage, Powis Terrace 10486 S.C. Howard, 67 Beaconsfield Place 10487 Dr A. Dalziel Keith, 53 Desswood Place 10488 George Laing, Cults 10489 A. H. Macandrew, Vinery Lodge, Cults 10490 John Milne, 109 Union Grove 10491 James Milne, 9 North Silver Street 10492 W. Todd Moffatt, 68 Forest Road 10493 J.M. Morrison, Grammar School 10494 Alexander Rodger, 165 Forest Avenue 10495 Mary I. Sheret, 78 Powis Place 10535 G.A. Simpson, 14 Belvidere Street 10536 John Smith, 211 Union Street 10537 Alfred J. Tongh, 33 Street (sic) 11278 F-ino Forrest, Ludgreharn, Longside, Skoptlando 12472 G.M. Mackenzie, 28 Albyn Place 13417 Andew Craig, (apotekisto kaj drogsto) (=apothecary and druggist), 210 Gallowgate According to the inside cover (p.ii) of The British Esperantist magazine for January 1905, an Esperanto Society in Aberdeen had been founded in October 1904. Its Secretary is given as Mr Donaldson S. Rose of 259 Union Street, Aberdeen, and the President is listed as A. Christen Esq. In the list of affiliated groups in 1907 (see The British Esperantist, vol. III, title page) Aberdeen is not listed, either because it had ceased to meet or because it had chosen not to affiliate to the British Esperanto Association. Only in January 1919 does an affiliated Esperanto group appear again in the The British Esperantist for that month. The secretary in that year was Miss Annie, L. Burgess, c/o Mrs Christopher, 30 Mid-Stocket Road. The meeting venue is given as Training Centre, Charlotte Street. The group met on a Friday fortnightly at 8 pm. In 1921 the secretary is given as Miss M. Campbell, 34a Skene Square. In 1923 the Secretary is given as Miss M.D. Thomson, 6 Orchard Lane. The number of Esperanto speakers registered in Aberdeen is disproportionately large compared to Edinburgh and Glasgow. Can anyone account for this sudden outbreak of internationalism in Aberdeen? One can speculste that the appearance of articles about Volapük in two local newspapers in 1888 and 1889 had prepared the ground. Bill Chapman
  49. 1 point
    En antaŭa numero de Esperanto en Skotlando mi uzis la vorton “kabeiĝis”, sen klarigi al la legantoj kion ĝi signifas. Amiko retpoŝtis al mi kaj plendis: “se vi uzas vortojn kiel kabeiĝi, mi kabeiĝos”. Mi pardonpetas al nia amiko pro mia uzo de tiu vorto senaverte, kaj por tiuj kiuj ne estas familiaraj kun Kabe, kaj la verboj “kabei” aŭ “kabeiĝi” kreitaj “honore” al li, mi volas skizi ĉi tie la atingaĵojn de Kabe, kaj laŭ mia eblo, la originon de la vortoj, kiuj aludas al lia ŝajne subita forlaso de la Esperanto-movado en 1911, kaj signifas do “fari kiel Kabe”. Kazimierz Bein (1872-1959) Kazimierz Bein (lia pseŭdonimo, Kabe, venis de la komencaj literoj de liaj nomoj) naskiĝis en 1872 en la urbeto Sierzno apud Lodz en la nuna Pollando, tiam parto de la carisma Rusa Imperio. Lia patro Aleksander en 1863 partoprenis la malsukcesan Januaran Insurekcion por la sendependiĝo de Pollando. Kazimierz kiel studento en 1891 ankaŭ aktivis en la kontraŭcarisma movado. Pro sia konspirado, la juna Bein, same kiel lia patro, estis arestita, kaj kiel puno estis ekzilita al Civinsk, apud Ekaterinburg en Ruslando mem, kien ankaŭ ekziliĝis la patro Aleksander preskaŭ 30 jarojn antaŭe. (Kazimierz Bein denove en 1944 estis aktivonta en la Varsovia Insurekcio kontraŭ la nazia armeo.) Post la punrestado, Kazimierz decidis resti en la proksima urbo Kazan’, kaj studi en la universitato tie. Diplomiĝinte pri okulkuracado, li revenis en 1900 al Varsovio kaj ekposedis postenon en la medicina instituto pri tiu fako. En 1903 li esperantistiĝis, sed tio ne estis lia unua sperto pri Esperanto. En 1887, kiel lernejano, li jam aŭdis pri la lingvo, kiam kolego lia aĉetis la unuan lernolibron. Kune, Bein kaj la aliaj knaboj mokis la lingvon, kaj precipe kelkajn sufiksojn kiujn ili trovis maldecaj! Kabe poste diris ke li fakte trovis la versaĵojn en la libro “ĉarmaj”, kaj li eĉ “en sonĝo princinon vidis”! (Aludo al la teksto de unu el la poemoj de Zamenhof, traduko de Heinrich Heine.) Ĉiaokaze li kiel knabo ne plu interesiĝis pri la lingvo. Tamen 16 jarojn poste li ree interesiĝis kaj demandis al si pri kiu estas tiu D-ro Zamenhof, okulisto en Varsovio kiel li, kiu ekis lingvon. Li ricevis de amiko kelke da materialo, kaj post pluraj horoj da studado, li libere komprenis ĉiajn esperantajn tekstojn, sen helpo de vortaro, eĉ. Tiel komenciĝis 7 jaroj da forta kaj sindona laborego por Esperanto. Kabe tradukis literaturaĵojn el pluraj lingvoj kaj verkis kaj faris aliajn kontribuojn al la Esperanto-movado dum eble 4-5 horoj ĉiutage, kaj lia lasta granda verko estis la Vortaro de Esperanto, en kiu unuafoje ĉiu esperanta vorto estis difinita en Esperanto, tiel formiĝanta la bazon por la pli postaj Plena Vortaro kaj Plena Ilustrita Vortaro. Kabe ĉiam estis sia propra persono kun propraj sintenoj kaj ideoj. Kontraŭ la harfendemo kaj pezaj stilaj konsiloj de Louis de Beaufront, la estonta idisto kiu tiam ludis gravan rolon kiel lingva konsilanto en la Esperanto-movado, Kabe instinkte evitis nenecesajn afiksojn kaj kunmetitajn formojn. Pli poste, tia sama sinteno pri “neceso kaj sufiĉo” estos konscie proponata de Rene de Saussure, kaj entuziasme aprobata de la esperantistaro, liberiĝinta post 1907 desub la morta mano de la stila influo de de Beaufront. Bein plejparte ne verkis originalaĵojn, pro sia konvinko ke la lingvo multe pli profitas el la traduklaboro, ĉar per tio la tradukanto ne povas eviti malfacilaĵojn, kaj devas trovi por ili la plej taugan esprimmanieron. Kabe opiniis ke “por havi bonan stilon, nepre estas necese koni minimume tri diversajn lingvojn, al si malparencajn”, kaj ke por la simpleco de sia stilo li dankis al sia rusa instruisto, kiu ne toleris du akcesorajn frazojn sinsekve. Kabe ankaŭ ne ĝoje toleris idiotojn. Laciĝante pri la ĉiama propagandado ke tiu aŭ alia grupo de homoj “devus lerni Esperanton” por solvi la problemojn de la mondo, kiun li aŭdis de personoj kiuj mem ne bone regas Esperanton, li rebatis en 1906 “Esperanton plej necese devas lerni la Esperantistoj mem!” Nuntempe mi supozas, ke tiajn homojn kiujn li kritikis ni hodiaŭ nomus “fluŝaj” (flua + fuŝa = fluŝa), sed finfine Esperanto estas komunikilo, ne konkurso. Perfektemo, jes; eĉ aroganto, foje, jes, absolute; sed ofte ankaŭ honesta realismo; tiaj estis liaj trajtoj. Vortaro de Esperanto: Apogeo de la verkaro de Kabe En 1911, Kazimierz Bein forlasis la E-movadon. Li simple malaperis de la publika okulo. Lia foresto apenaŭ estis menciata en la esperanta gazetaro. En sekvantaj jardekoj lia rezigno, pro manko de informo, akiris enigman karakteron. En poemo de Kalman Kalocsay, estis demandite “Kia mister-malica forto / Vin povis preni de ni rabe?” (“Rimportretoj”, 1931). Li apenaŭ povis scii, car tute mankis detaloj. En la pionira tempo kun la tiamaj grandiozaj esperoj estis nekompreneble, ke iu tiel grava gvidanta personaĵo simple senaverte foriru. Ĝi estis taksata preskaŭ kiel perfido, kaj en la tiama etoso oni simple ne diskutis tiajn aferojn, kaj precipe ne publike. En la verkoj “Historio de la Lingvo Esperanto” (1927) kaj “Vivo de Zamenhof” (1920) de Edmond Privat, la fakto ke Kabe rezignis pri la E- movado simple ne aperas, malgraŭ lia alta rango en la organizo (vicprezidanto de la Lingva Komitato) kaj lia eminento en la lingvo. Pli poste, Marjorie Boulton en sia biografio de Zamenhof (“Zamenhof: Creator of Esperanto”, 1960) mencietas la kontribuon de Bein, sed brosas sub la tapiŝon iajn pravigojn aŭ kialojn rezigni kiel “verŝajne ... privataj”. Do, kial Kabe kabeis? Unu ŝlosilo al pli bona kompreno de la fono malantaŭ tiu evento estas eble trovebla en intervjuo kun li kiun faris en 1931 Jean Forge (pseŭdonimo de la verkisto Jan Fethke). Kabe en 1931 ne bedaŭris sian rezignon. Li diris “Mi ne estas plu Esperantisto ... eĉ mi havas ideojn tute nefavorajn al Esperanto”. Sed pri ĝuste kiuj tiuj nefavoraj ideoj estis, oni devas legi inter la linioj, ĉar Fethke ne volonte enlasas nin en sian konfidencon, montrante la tiaman nervozecon pri ia informo potenciale nefavora al la lingvo. Fethke diras, ke el la duhora diskutado pri lingvaj demandoj, kiu zumis en la oreloj post la intervjuo, li “bedaŭrinde ne povas ... citi”. Kia domaĝo por la nunaj historiistoj! Buŝumetoj tamen eskapas: “Esperanto ne progresas ... ili restas la samaj, kvazaŭ mi forlasus hieraŭ Esperanton; nenio ŝanĝiĝis, ili parolas, paroladas, paroladas ĉiam la samon, ĉiam la samon ... la esperantistoj, jes ili havas multajn mankojn”. Kaj reen al la muelado de la temo de 1906: “antaŭ ĉio, ili ne scias sian lingvon!” Kaj, pli hereze, la sinteno kiun Fethke resumas kiel sekve: “lam venos, li pensas, nova geniulo, kiu kreos la veran solvon de la lingvo-problemo. Esperanto ja ne estas tiu ĉi solvo. Eble ĝi ... venos baldaŭ, eble post 100 jaroj”. Bedaŭrinde mankas detaloj pri ia eventuala pravigo en la vortoj de Kabe mem. Ĉu, laŭ la opinio de Kabe, la lingvo mem kulpas pri la “malprogreso” de Esperanto? Kabe certe iam volis reformi Esperanton. En skizo pri Esperanto-literaturo en 1956, Vlastimil Novobilsky citas el iuj rememoroj de Kabe kies fonto tamen evitis nian esploradon: “Mi venis al la firma konkludo, ke diversaj reformoj estas neeviteblaj en Esperanto kaj mi prezentis miajn proponojn al la Doktoro. Kun miro mi konstatis, ke li ne estas ravita kaj ke li ne volas akcepti ilin. ‘Terura konservativulo’, pensis mi, ‘mine plu diskutos kun li pri la reformoj; baldaŭ li komprenos sian eraron, kaj bedaŭros, ke li ne adoptis pli frue miajn proponojn’.” Novobilsky diras “ĉi tiuj vortoj [de Kabe] estis skribitaj en la jaro 1909”. Do, ĉu Kabe rezignis pri Esperanto pro sia reformemo? Laŭ la artikolo de Novobilsky, tio estas la implico. Miaopinie tio eble ne estis la sola aŭ unua afero en lia menso. En la rememoroj cititaj de Novobilsky, Kabe diras, parolante pri tiu okazaĵo kiam li proponis reformojn al Zamenhof, ke li faris tion “tradukinte du rakontetojn”. Oni povas do supozi ke tiu okazaĵo estis pasinta okazaĵo jam en 1905-6, post liaj tradukoj de “La fundo de l’ mizero” (1904) kaj “La interrompita kanto” (1905), kaj antaŭ “Pola Antologio” (1906). Ne nepre temas do pri aktuala opinio de 1909, do eble reformo ne estis la plej aktuala disputtemo por Kabe kiam li forlasis la movadon en 1911. Dermod Quirke aldone opinias pri la teksto ke “Liaj komentoj en 1909 estis ŝercaj, kaj certe la vortelekto sugestas sinmokon, sed humuro estas ĉiam riska afero en Esperanto”. Novobilsky ankaŭ aludas al eblaj personaj malpaciĝoj kun Grabowski kaj Zakrzewski, kaj tio estis verŝajne parto de la historio. Sed ankaŭ eble malkonsentoj kun Zamenhof, kvankam tiu iomete tabueta sugesto ne estas eksplicite menciita de Fethke en la intervjuo de 1931. Tamen Kabe certe plendis tiam, ke por Zamenhof “la tuta lingvo por li estis nur rimedo ... ĉiam estis grava nur la ideo, tiu lia homaranismo, ĉion alian li toleris, car li devis”. Ŝajnas ke Kabe eble ne dividis la religia-filozofiajn antaŭecojn de Zamenhof, kiuj en 1911 pli kaj pli surfaciĝis en la iomete internen-rigardanta etoso tuj post la Ido-skismo. Kaj Kabe silentis ĉar li ne volis damaĝi la ideon de internacia lingvo. Do, la kialoj de Kabe por la rezigno estis kompleksaj, kaj verŝajne ill enhavis ĉiujn jam menciitajn aspektojn: la reformemo, la malpacienco kun la (liaopinie) malalta intelekta nivelo kaj propagandaj pretendoj, kaj fine malentuziasmo por la persona ideologio de Zamenhof. Kabe fariĝis mistero car ni tiam ne pretis priparoli la malfacilajn temojn kiujn lia rezigno levis. Ni povas bedaŭri la mankon de liaj honestaj konsiloj dum tiu sekvanta grava periodo, sed Kabe ankaŭ volis dediĉi sian vivon al kuracado, kaj ne al Esperanto. Kiu rajtas plendi pri tio? Tamen, la Esperanto-kariero de Kabe havas ankoraŭ unu plian ĉapitron. En 1956, li malkabeis! Kaj la homo kiu revenis al la movado estis eble pli humila. Intertempe, la Esperanto-movado ankaŭ ŝanĝiĝis dum tiuj 45 jaroj de lia memekzilo. Ŝajne plaĉis al Kabe la nova emfazo. Esperanto plenaĝiĝis kaj funkciis. Komenciĝis malaperi la naiva finvenkismo de la fruaj jaroj. Ĝi provizis praktikajn eblecojn por internaciaj amikecaj rilatoj, ege bezonataj dum tiuj jaroj de la malvarma milito. Precipe tian agadon Kabe aprobis kaj kuraĝigis. Bedaŭrinde Kabe ne postvivis sufiĉe longe por vidi la Jubilean UK de 1959 en Varsovio, kiun li ege sopiris ĉeesti. Ĉi-jare estas la 130a datreveno de la naskiĝo de Kabe. Eble li meritas esti pli ol enigmo.
  50. 1 point
    Hi Tim To be honest I found Duolingo tedious after covering 3/4 of the full esperanto tree. Every now and then I go back to try to carry on. Personally more than anything I find the phone app (IOS) a real drag - to complete a single lesson you have to answer about 50 questions and to complete a Level would be around 50 * 5 = questions. Its an epic ride to complete the full tree!! 250 * 25 -ish levels --- thats a lot!! I'm currently part way through COMPLETE ESPERANTO by Tim Own and Judith Meyer - this includes much longer length real-life audio. Another good thing about the audio is that you can do is slow the play-back or speed it up if you really want to test yourself. I can't believe it but I actually gone back to using the Memrise app ( a bit like flash cards) because its easy and all the lessons are in smaller chunks so I can fit this much more easily if I don't have much time or feeling tired for example. I'm also part way through Karlo by Edmond Privat (Facila Legolibro) - each chapter is a step up after the one before. Its a push to get through but I have an onklino friend from edukado.net who helps me through each chapter. As a reward for eventually reading the book, she's going to send me a copy of William Auld's new PAŜOJ AL PLENA POSEDO. The sooner I get to that level the better. I tried lernu.net but ran out of motivation by chapter 10 and as a complete beginner I didn't know where or how to start with lerni !! I guess thats another story bu I'm ok now of course. Mostly on a social front, I had been arranging Skype meetings for practice live conversation / activities / even lessons at one point. Thats slowed down now but hope to pick that up again once I'm about half way through the new EAB book So basically, the above is how I keep going Cheers Matio
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